The ability of silicon to improve the strength of aluminium alloys has far reaching consequences for the transport industry. Aluminium alloys are light, yet strong and replace heavier cast iron components. Car wheels, cylinder heads, and engine blocks are routinely seen made from aluminium alloys. Weight reduction in automobiles decreases fuel consumption, which in turn reduces green house gas emissions and plays a role in conserving our fossil fuels.
Silicon based polymers, known as silicones, provide an alternative to environmentally harmful hydrocarbon based products. We unknowingly use these polymers in everyday items from lubricants, greases & resins to skin and hair care products, antiperspirants, polishes, anti foam agents and fabric softeners.
The electronic products that we rely on everyday cannot operate without semi-conductor chips made from silicon.
Today’s modern high-speed communications are made possible by silicon. Optical glass produced from silicon is used to manufacture both optical fibre and liquid crystal displays.
Silicon plays an important role in the photovoltaic industries where solar panels, made from silicon, use the sun’s rays to generate space and water heating, produce domestic and industrial electricity and power remote telecommunications, weather and irrigation facilities